Nuclear Darkness
language
Previous Title Next Title
  • Top Banner
  • Top Banner
  • Top Banner
  • Top Banner
  • Top Banner
  • Top Banner
  • Top Banner
  • Top Banner
  • Top Banner
  • Top Banner
  • Top Banner
  • Top Banner
  • Top Banner
  • Top Banner
  • Top Banner
  • Global Warming vs. Global Cooling
    Global Warming vs. Global Cooling

    Reproduced/modified by permission of American Geophysical Union
    Northern Hemisphere average surface air temperatures anomalies during the last 1000 years contrasted with forecast temperature drops from a range of nuclear conflicts. The anomalies are with respect to the 1902-1988 Northern Hemisphere average surface air temperatures (about 14 °С).
  • Smoke Surrounding the Earth after Large Nuclear War
    Smoke Surounding the Earth after Nuclear War
    Reproduced/modified by permission of Drs. Robock, Oman and Stenchikov of Rutgers University
    Following a large nuclear war, enormous fires created by nuclear explosions in cities cause 150 million tons of smoke to be lofted high above cloud level, into the stratosphere. The smoke quickly spreads around the world and forms a dense smoke layer which will remain in the stratosphere for many years and act to block sunlight from reaching the surface of the Earth.
  • Smoke from India-Pakistan nuclear war
    Smoke from India-Pakistan nuclear war
    Reproduced/modified by permission of Drs. Robock, Oman and Stenchikov of Rutgers University
    Following a India-Pakistan nuclear war, enormous fires created by nuclear explosions in cities cause 5 million tons of smoke to be lofted high above cloud level, into the stratosphere. The smoke quickly spreads around the world and forms a dense smoke layer which will remain in the stratosphere for many years and act to block sunlight from reaching the surface of the Earth.
  • Low-Yield vs. High-Yield Nuclear Weapons
    Low-Yield vs. High-Yield Nuclear Weapons
    High-Yield vs. Low Yield Weapons Hiroshima-size detonation (15 kT) compared to the largest U.S. nuclear weapon tested (15,000 kT)
  • Global Nuclear Arsenal
  • Mushroom Cloud Size vs. Yields
    Mushroom Cloud Size vs. Yields
  • Nuclear Weapons in Size
    Nuclear Weapons in Size
    Largest US conventional weapon in 2008 11 tons of TNT
    Hiroshima and India-Pakistan nuclear weapon 15,000 tons of TNT
    Small modern strategic nuclear weapon 100,000 tons of TNT
    Large modern strategic nuclear weapon 1,300,000 tons of TNT
    Common nuclear weapon in the 1970s 20,000,000 tons of TNT

Nuclear War threatens human existence

If 1% of the nuclear weapons now ready for war were detonated in large cities, they would utterly devastate the environment, climate, ecosystems and inhabitants of Earth. A war fought with thousands of strategic nuclear weapons would leave the Earth uninhabitable.

Nuclear Famine

Deadly Climate Change

In a nuclear war, immense nuclear firestorms in burning cities would create millions of tons of thick, black, radioactive smoke. This smoke would rise above cloud level and quickly surround and engulf the entire Earth. The smoke would form a stratospheric smoke layer that would block sunlight from reaching the surface of Earth for a period of about ten years.

Heated smoke in the stratosphere would cause massive destruction of the protective ozone layer. Huge amounts of harmful Ultraviolet light would penetrate the smoke and reach the surface of the Earth.

Warming sunlight would be blocked by the smoke layer and cause the Earth to rapidly cool.  In a matter of days, Ice Age weather conditions would descend upon all peoples and nations.

Prolonged cold, decreased sunlight and rainfall, and massive increases in harmful UV light would shorten or eliminate growing seasons for a decade or longerNuclear famine would result for the 800 million people who already suffering from hunger and malnutrition.

A war fought with 1% of the deployed and operational nuclear weapons could cause up to a billion people to die from nuclear famine. A large nuclear war, fought with the nuclear arsenals of the U.S. and Russia, would surely kill most humans and many other complex forms of life on Earth.

Nuclear Haze

Nuclear war between India and Pakistan could put 5 million tons of smoke in the stratosphere and produce a global Nuclear Haze that would block 7-10% of warming sunlight from reaching the surface of Earth and cause the blue skies of Earth to appear grey.

Nuclear Twilight & Nuclear Darkness

The U.S and Russia keep more than 2000 strategic nuclear weapons on high-alert.  These weapons are 7 to 85 times more powerful than the atomic bomb that destroyed Hiroshima. They are mounted on many hundreds of missiles that can be launched with 30 seconds to 3 minutes warning.

Scientists predict that urban firestorms ignited by a nuclear war fought with 4400 US and Russian strategic nuclear weapons could loft 180 million tons of smoke into the stratosphere. The resulting global smoke layer would block 35% of sunlight from reaching the surface of the Southern Hemisphere, creating a Nuclear Twilight on Earth. In the Northern Hemisphere, 70% of sunlight would be absorbed by the stratospheric smoke layer. Beneath the smoke there would be Nuclear Darkness.

Nuclear arsenals must be eliminated, because if they are left intact, they will eventually be used. Nuclear weapons must be outlawed, dismantled and abolished. A draft treaty, or Model Nuclear Weapons Convention, has been prepared by civil society organizations and submitted to the United Nations.  Nuclear weapon states are obligated (under the terms of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty) to negotiate in good faith to achieve such a treaty to eliminate their nuclear arsenals.

City on Fire

by Lynn Eden

The US military underestimates by a factor of 4 to 25 times the prompt damage likely to be caused by its nuclear weapons, because it does not estimate damage which would be created by nuclear firestorms.

Our Friends

Daisy Alliance
DA | Daisy Alliance - Make the World free from WMD

The Daisy Alliance is a nonpartisan grassroots peace organization seeking global security through nuclear nonproliferation, disarmament, and the elimination of all Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs), whether nuclear, chemical, and biological. It raises funds in order to educate the public in all walks of life about the devastation these weapons are capable of inflicting and the threat they pose to civilization

PNA Abolition 2000
PSR NAPF UCS

About Steven Starr

Steven Starr is an Associate member of the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation and has been published by the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. His writings appear on the websites of the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation, the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology Center for Arms Control, Energy and Environmental Studies, Scientists for Global Responsibility, and the International Network of Scientists Against Proliferation.

He has worked with the governments of Switzerland, Chile, New Zealand and Sweden, in support of their efforts at the United Nations to eliminate thousands of high-alert, launch-ready nuclear weapons. He has made presentations to Ministry Officials, Parliamentarians, Universities, citizens and students from around the world, and specializes in making technical scientific information understandable to all audiences.

Mr. Starr is the Director of the Clinical Laboratory Science Program at the University of Missouri-Columbia.

Steven Starr
Steven Starr
International Consultant/Educator for Nuclear Disarmament (USA)
Associate member, Nuclear Age Peace Foundation (USA)
Senior Scientist, Physicians for Social Responsibility